See the "Opioids" Section for Codeine.
Prescriptions medications are the fourth most used drugs used in Australia.
The first being Caffeine; second is alcohol; third is nicotine; fifth is OTC and the sixth most used drug is Cannabis.
USE AND EFFECTS OF BENZODIAZEPINES
Benzodiazepines are effective medications often used for the treatment of anxiety disorders. They are also an effective amnestic agent, (which means they affect your memory) especially in high doses. People using high doses may be seeking a combination of these effects to provide an “emotional blockade” against current life stressors or previous psychological traumas. Benzodiazepines, especially at high doses, can often have a disinhibitory effect. “Benzo binges” are a common antecedent of shoplifting and other crime and may have devastating effects for the individual. Episodes of rage and violence are rare. Tolerance of the different effects of benzodiazepines develops at different rates. For example, rapidly developing tolerance of the anticonvulsant effects explains why these drugs are not used for prophylactic treatment. Tolerance of the sedative effects begins after 2 or 3 days and is significant by 2–3 weeks.
Isolated intoxication with benzodiazepines presents with:
- sedation from which the individual may be roused in response to stimulation, but with rapid relapse when not stimulated
- slurred speech and drooling
- loss of balance and coordination (ataxia) often associated with stumbling (gait disturbance)
WITHDRAWAL FROM BENZODIAZEPINES
Onset of benzodiazepine withdrawal occurs between 2–5 days after stopping, reaching a maximum on days 7–10, and usually abating by the end of the second or third week. Withdrawal may occur earlier or later depending on the half-life of the benzodiazepine involved. Listed below are some of the symptoms that you may experience. If they become too unpleasant, you must seek assistance from the staff.
Types of Benzo’s: Valium, Xanax, Serepax, Mogadon, Normison, Ducene, Rohypnol, Ativan, Rivotril, Stilnox etc.
- Anxiety, panic attacks, fearDepression
- Difficulty concentrating and remembering
- Over sensitive to pain, smell, noise and touch
- Perceptual distortions
- Vagueness and confusion
- Erratic feelings and mood swings
- Sleep disturbances
- Tremor and shakiness
- Blurred vision, headaches
- Muscle tension, aches and twitching